Xi’an is the first of China’s Four Great Ancient Capitals and played a very important part in Chinese history. Xi’an is
characterized by and proud of its ancient heritage, and rightly so.
The immaculately restored and mighty city wall still dominates the center of the city, with traffic navigating through underpasses in its girth. Many modern buildings are in keeping with ancient style, especially the roofs.
- Called the birthplace of China’s civilization
- The capital city of 13 imperial dynasties
- Many ancient ruins
- The main eastern terminus of the ancient Silk Road
- One of the must-visit cities in China
- Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum
- Ancient: Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum, Huashan Mountain, Hanyang Tomb, Ancient City Wall, Small Wild Goose Pagoda, Big Wild Goose Pagoda, Great Mosque, Qianling Tomb, Bell Tower, Mausoleum of Qinshihuang.(To know more about The World-Famous Wonder: The Terracotta Army)
- Museums: Shaanxi History Museum, Xianyang Museum, Banpo Museum, Forest of Steles Museum, Fule International Ceramic Art Museum
- Natural: Hukou Waterfall
- Performances: Tang Dynasty Show with Dumpling Banquet, evening fountain and music show at the square in front of Big Wild Goose Pagoda
“China” began in Xi’an, when Emperor Qin (from whom China gets its name) united the warring states in 221 BC and made his capital in Xi’an (or Shaan). The entombed Terracotta Army stands as a monument to the power of Emperor Qin.
Capital city of 13 empires and 73 emperors
- 1066 BC The first Zhou emperor made Fenghao the capital of the Zhou Empire
- 771 BC Much of Fenghao was destroyed, and the capital was moved eastwards
- 221 BC Emperor Qin Shihuang made Xianyang the capital of his large empire
- 202 BC Liu Bang emerged as emperor of the Han Dynasty and made Chang’an his capital city
- 582 AD Sui Empire emerged with Daxing as its capital
- 618 Tang Empire begins with Chang’an as its capital city. It became of the world’s largest cities at that time
- 904 Chang’an was destroyed. After this, Chang’an is never again an imperial capital city
Shaanxi Province has an area of 205,800 square kilometers and a population of 37 million people.
Xi’an is situated in the center of the Weihe Plain, bounded by the Weihe River in the north and the Qin Mountain Range in the south.
Beishan (the Northern Mountains) and Qinling (the Qin Mountain Range) stand as two boundaries dividing the province into three natural areas: the Loess Plateau in Northern Shaanxi, the Guangzhong (Vast Central) Plain, and the Qinba Hills. The plateau and hills make up most of the province’s area.
Shaanxi has a continental climate with four distinct seasons. The months from March to November are the tourist high season as they are warmer.
Most Popular Food
Roujia Mo, Xi’an Kabobs, Guan Tang Baozi, Biang Biang Noodles, Yang Rou Pao Mo
Most Popular Souvenirs and Local Products
Antiques, Cultural Artworks, Reproductions of Terracotta Army Figures, Peasant Paintings, Paper Cutting