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Tones of Chinese Pinyin

July 9th, 2009 - by Huang Jason


 1. The pronunciation of tones.

There are 5 tones and 4 tone marks in Mandarin. The 5th tone is the slight tone with an empty mark.

1

2

3

4

5

empty

ā á ǎ à a
ō ó ǒ ò o
ē é ě è e
ī í ǐ ì i
ū ú ǔ ù u
ǖ ǘ ǚ ǜ ü
         

ā

á

ǎ

à

a

āi

ái

ǎi

ài

ai

ān

án

ǎn

àn

an

āng

áng

ǎng

àng

ang

āo

áo

ǎo

ào

ao

         

ē

é

ě

è

e

ēi

éi

ěi

èi

ei

ēn

én

ěn

èn

en

ēng

éng

ěng

èng

eng

ēr

ér

ěr

èr

er

         

ī

í

ǐ

ì

i

ie

īn

ín

ǐn

ìn

in

īng

íng

ǐng

ìng

ing

iu

         

ō

ó

ǒ

ò

o

ōng

óng

ǒng

òng

ong

ōu

óu

ǒu

òu

ou

         

ū

ú

ǔ

ù

u

ui

ūn

ún

ǔn

ùn

un

         

ǖ

ǘ

ǚ

ǜ

ü

üān

üán

üǎn

üàn

üan

üē

üé

üě

üè

üe

ǖn

ǘn

ǚn

ǜn

ün

 
Note: "ü" can be written as "v"

 

2. The pronunciation techniques. The following diagram shows how the tones are pronounced.

 

3. The tone mark is added on the main vowel. Someone also use a number instead of the tone marks on the computer. Different tone marks usually means different characters.

ma

ma 1

ma 2

ma 3

ma 4

ma 5

 

4. The rules of adding tone mark. The rules for determining on which vowel the tone mark appears are as follows:

1.       If there is more than one vowel and the first vowel is " i ", " u ", or " ü ", then the tone mark appears on the last vowel.

2.       In all other cases, the tone mark appears on the vowels in this order: " a ", " o ", " e ".

 

5. Practice. Examples of tones:

 1

 2

 3

 4

 5

fēi féi fěi fèi fei
ba
na
huān huán huǎn huàn huan
huāng huáng huǎng huàng huang
hōng hóng hǒng hòng hong
fu

ge

fēn fén fěn fèn fen
fēng féng fěng fèng feng

 

.

One Response to “Tones of Chinese Pinyin”

  1. sandy says:

    Very helpful. The last NO 5 TONE PRACTICE has no sound .
    Thank you.

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